Data Migration: a key step in implementing an ERP system

When your company decides to adopt a new ERP system—whether it's switching to a new ERP, upgrading to a new version, or consolidating all your management software into a single ERP—data migration is a crucial step to ensure a smooth and efficient transition. If poorly managed, this process can carry various risks, such as data loss. Let's explore the essential aspects of data migration and the best practices to ensure the success of this strategic process without damaging the existing information that needs to be transferred.

Understanding data migration

What is data migration?

Data migration involves importing data from one or multiple systems into another, usually during the adoption of new software like an ERP system. This process includes extracting data from the source system, transforming it to fit the new format or requirements, and finally loading it into the new system while preserving its integrity. Various categories of data can be handled during this type of operation:

  • Structural Data: Analytical axes, chart of accounts, document numbering systems, etc.
  • Reference Data: Supplier files, customer files, contacts, product nomenclature for purchased and sold items, etc.
  • Management Data: Purchase and sales invoices with balances, ongoing supplier and customer orders, inventory, etc.

Why is it a crucial step when switching ERP systems?

Data migration to an ERP system is critical because it directly impacts the company's ability to continue operations without significant interruption. A poorly managed process can lead to data loss, inconsistencies in information, and costly disruptions. Conversely, a successful migration ensures a smooth transition to the new system, maximizing operational and strategic benefits.

The risks of a poorly managed migration are numerous:

  • Loss of critical data
  • Incompatibilities between systems
  • Prolonged business interruptions
  • Etc

These situations can compromise the company's productivity and end-user satisfaction. Therefore, it is essential to implement proactive management to anticipate and avoid these issues.

What are the steps involved in data migration?

Preparation and planning

Before initiating a data migration, a thorough analysis of existing data and structures to be exported is essential. This includes evaluating the risks associated with migration and creating a detailed plan to guide the process. Several factors that may influence the project's progress should also be considered:

  • The diversity of data sources
  • The freshness and granularity of data (level of detail between the new and old systems)
  • The potential accumulation of thousands of data points over time (the need to sort essential data from historical data)
  • Extraction capabilities
  • Formats accepted by the new system

Data cleansing and data structuring

This phase involves identifying and removing obsolete, incorrect, or redundant data. Data cleansing ensures data quality before migration, thereby reducing the risk of errors and enhancing the relevance of information in the new integrated management tool. Data structuring then includes standardizing formats and standards, facilitating their integration without obstacles in your new ERP environment.

Data transfer

Choosing the right tools and migration methods is crucial. ETL (Extract, Transform, Load) tools and custom scripts are often used to extract data from the source system, transform it to fit the requirements of the target system, and securely load it into the latter. It's important to note that selecting these ETL tools and creating these scripts is the responsibility of the ERP integrator. A testing environment is used to validate and optimize this process before full migration occurs.

Data migration

The actual data migration stage is carried out according to the established and validated plan from previous stages. Data is transferred from the source system(s) to the target ERP system following predefined procedures. This phase requires continuous monitoring to detect and correct potential errors while minimizing operational disruptions. IT teams oversee data transfer following strict procedures to mitigate interruption risks and ensure the integrity of critical information. Ongoing monitoring is conducted to promptly identify and address potential issues.

Validation et verification

Once the data is transferred, it is imperative to verify its quality, integrity, and accuracy. Rigorous testing is conducted to identify and correct potential errors, ensuring data integrity in the new ERP system. Validation reports document test results and necessary adjustments, providing additional assurance of migration success.

Training et documentation

Documenting migration processes, data modifications, and providing adequate training to end users are essential steps to ensure data integrity continuity. This ensures that users understand how to effectively use new features and fully exploit the benefits offered by the new ERP. Documentation also includes backup and recovery procedures in case of post-migration incidents.

How to ensure success in your ERP migration?

Seeking an expert ERP consultant

Engaging an experienced ERP consultant facilitates the planning and execution of your data migration. Their expertise helps navigate technical and organizational challenges, ensuring effective implementation and successful adoption of the new system. Captivea, for instance, can support your data migration project to an Enterprise Resource Planning software like Odoo, Acumatica, or Cegid XRP Flex.


Involving all stakeholders

Close collaboration between IT teams, business users, and ERP consultants is essential to align your migration goals with your company's operational needs. Engaging all stakeholders from the outset promotes a shared understanding of expectations and proactive management of potential constraints.

Establishing a contingency plan

Setting up a contingency plan for scenarios of failure or complications during your ERP migration is crucial. These plans enable quick responses to issues and minimize interruptions to critical operations. This ensures business continuity and secures all or part of the information being migrated.

Using reliable migration tools

Selecting reputable and reliable migration tools and technologies is essential to ensure the security and efficiency of data transfer. These solutions facilitate a smooth and secure migration process, reducing the risk of errors and maximizing data quality in your new management tool.

Testing and regular validation

Iterative testing (repeated and extensive) and continuous validation throughout the migration process are necessary to identify and resolve potential issues. By adopting this proactive approach, you minimize operational risks and ensure that your ERP software operates optimally from the outset.

Ensuring data security

Implementing strict measures to secure data during its transfer and after integration into the new system is of utmost priority. Encryption, continuous monitoring, and access management are essential practices to protect sensitive information and comply with data privacy regulations. Engaging an ERP expert helps address all these requirements effectively.


Data migration is a complex yet essential step when adopting a new ERP system. By following a methodical approach and partnering with experts like Captivea, businesses can overcome the challenges associated with this strategic process. However, its success requires meticulous planning, precise execution, and proactive risk management. By addressing these needs, you can optimize operational performance and support long-term business growth.

Are you ready to start a data migration project to your ERP tool Odoo, Acumatica, or Cegid XRP Flex? Feel free to contact us.

Contact us to integrate into your system an ERP !

Captivea, as leader of Odoo implementation worldwide is the best Odoo partner that you can choose!

Don't hesitate to contact us!

How to control ERP deployment costs